How to scientifically test if cannabis improves your athleticism, sleep, sex, and creativity.




Mesearch is intended to help people take a more scientific approach to exploring cannabis. That's really all that ‘mesearch’ means; it’s about using science to hack your body’s response to cannabis. The goal of mesearch is different than formal medical research. You are not trying to get your findings published in a peer-review journal. You are just trying to find the cannabis products and dose that work best for you.


The key to good mesearch is using objective metrics like a heart rate monitor in conjunction with subjective metrics, like your personal impression of the experience. You should be methodical about the products you try, and incremental about the doses you take. Do your best to be consistent about your cannabis experimentation routine, and always remember to establish baselines.


Over time you see patterns. You can try to chart a dose-response curve to find the ideal products and dose for you. Once you have a little practice, it’s easy to test any cannabis product to learn how it affects you. And that's when things get really interesting.


Understanding your own biomechanisms is incredibly empowering. Exploring cannabis while wearing biometric sensors has a way of demystifying your mind and body. Do you want to see what cannabis products and what dose are best to help you sleep? Mesearch is how you find out. Do you want to find a cannabis product that won’t put you to sleep? Mesearch can help you with that too.


There is a common misconception that Sativa is uplifting and Indica is sedative. Every effort to look at this scientifically has debunked it entirely. Genetic testing has shown much of what we had believed about cannabis is wrong. Nearly all modern cannabis cultivars are hybrids. Different cannabis plants do affect people differently, but these differences are not related to this Indica / Sativa distinction.


I know, it can be hard to believe that the Indica and Sativa distinction is BS, but if you want to test this for yourself, there is a simple experiment you can do at home. Invite some friends over and tell them you got an amazing Sativa that you love for its uplifting effects. Consume this together and they will likely tell you about their uplifting experience.


On another occasion give your friends the same product, but tell them it's a heavy-hitting Indica that puts you in da couch. Your friends will likely all agree. It’s funny but true; cannabis makes people sensitive to suggestions, and indica sativa labels are pseudo-science.


With biometric sensors like heart rate monitors, you can reliably see how cannabis is affecting you, so you can go ahead and ignore the Indica Sativa label on the package. The power of cannabis goes way beyond the up-down binary.


Some of the things that cannabis is best known for is its ability to treat seizures, enhance music, as well as improve sex, and creativity. I think that what these all have in common is rhythm, and rhythm is what I like to call the cannabis superpower.


For people with seizures disorders, certain rhythms of flashing lights is often all it takes to induce a seizure. Other forms of rhythm, including sound and touch, can also induce seizures. It’s not well understood why CBD and other cannabinoids can be so effective at controlling seizures. My research suggests that the explanation also centers around rhythm. In the brain, seizures often originate in small, localized areas where neurons abnormally fire in unison. This rhythmic activity can have a cascading effect, disrupting proper brain functions and causing seizures.


The biomechanics of this phenomenon is called Rhythmic Entrainment. Rhythmic entrainment generates states of deepening sensory absorption and trance, These deepening states of trance can potentially culminate in a seizure, but only if critical thresholds are surpassed.

Rhythmic entrainment goes far beyond seizure disorders; it affects a lot of human behavior. It refers to any time a person experiences a trance-like state through rhythmic stimuli. When I say ‘trance-like state’ I don't mean being hypnotized by a creepy guy swinging a watch. It can often be a subtle type of trance, like the feeling of listening to great music with a group of friends.


In order to understand how cannabis affects rhythm, it’s helpful to consider how humans came to be so affected by rhythm in the first place. Scientists believe music originated as a human fighting behavior. Have you ever noticed that every time soldiers go into battle they bring music? It’s a military best practice because humans feel connected by a shared rhythm and it helps them work together.


The combination of cannabis, rhythm and fighting goes back to our early ancestors. Humans have probably always used music when they felt threatened. Rhythmic Entrainment is a primal mechanism to support fighting as a team. That feeling of connectedness that comes from a group hearing the same rhythmic beat is how our ancestors were able to work together to fend off large predators.


The capacity for cannabis to enhance our sense of rhythm is likely what attracted our ancestors to cannabis in the first place. Music is an example of Rhythmic Entrainment that originates from another more primal example: sex.


Just as with seizures, with sex, rhythmic entrainment generates states of deepening sensory absorption and trance. These deepening states can potentially culminate in a climax, but only if critical thresholds are surpassed. The threshold points are not static, so they can be challenging to recognize.


As I said earlier, rhythm is the cannabis superpower. The key to getting the most from cannabis is understanding how cannabis can help you modulate these threshold points in the Rhythmic Entrainment processes. That’s what I mean when I say you can hack your body’s response to cannabis.


So let’s dive into how to conduct mesearch involving athletics, sleep, sex, and creativity. For instance, heart rate monitors and the apps that power them can be easily repurposed to see how various cannabis products and doses affect your workout.


Cannabis use for athletic applications falls into two categories. The first is cannabis products taken before a workout. An example of this would be an experimental training routine of Monday, Wednesday, Friday, done at the same time each day. The Wednesday session should be cannabis free to serve as the baseline. On Monday and Friday, you would try various cannabis products and doses. For all three sessions, heart rate monitors should be worn.


Based on how the product affects you, you may choose to incrementally try more or less of certain products and doses. Generally speaking, cannabis is not a performance enhancer in the traditional sense. It does not make you stronger or run faster. I think that the reason so many athletes now use cannabis is that it enhances the experience of engaging in athletic activity, and it can improve recovery.


Athletes often report a euphoric trance-like state associated with their sport of choice. The sport itself often has a rhythm associated with it. Music may also be part of the experience. The trance-like state is sometimes referred to as being in the zone. Others call it the runner’s high. Martial artists sometimes refer to this as achieving a state of no mind.


Some team sports allow athletes to achieve a shared experience of rhythmic entrainment, creating a sense of connectedness. Again, I think that all of these are examples of rhythmic entrainment, and rhythm is the cannabis superpower.


Whatever your athletic activity of choice is, reflect on when you experience a trance-like state. That feeling of immersion in the activity is what cannabis can help enhance. By wearing a chest strap heart rate monitor you may be able to identify these trance-like states by a more stable rhythm, possibly indicating calmness.


The second application is recovery/sleep. Heart rate monitors are great for measuring changes in an athlete’s sleep cycle. Sleep experiments are simple: you consume a specific amount of a specific product and then note how it affects your sleep. The heart rate monitor can show you how long you slept. Seeing how low your heart rate gets and for how long is a pretty good metric for how deeply you sleeping.


Studies have shown that help with relaxation and sleep is the most common reason people report using recreational cannabis. Start by establishing a baseline. A baseline just means you can see what your sleep cycle is without cannabis, and then see how the various products and doses alter your sleep cycle.


Purchase a variety of cannabis products and try them, one at a time, before bed. Start with lower doses and incrementally increase. For example, you may choose to start with 2.5mg of THC before bed. If you find that you tolerated that well, the next night you can try 5mg, and then 7.5mg and so on.


Over time you can see how the escalating dose is impacting your sleep cycle. Typically, at first there is a clear pattern where higher doses are correlated with longer deeper sleep. At some point, more is no longer better. And finding that point is helpful to know when planning your cannabis routine.


As you keep using cannabis, you build up a tolerance, so it's good to keep retesting, to see how tolerance is affecting your ideal dose. The same methodology can be used to determine if CBD is helping you sleep, and what ratio of THC and CBD is best for you.


Note that CBD often seems to require higher doses than THC, so plan your experiments accordingly. If you have high CBD products and high THC products you can mix them to achieve any ratio you want to test.


Different methods of administration like drinks, vapes, soft gels, edibles, and extracts can all be tested. The method of administration has a profound effect on your experience, so testing different options is ideal.


Another common reasons people use recreational cannabis is for improved sex. Healthy humans are sexual, so it is not surprising that our sleep cycle and our sexual biomechanisms are closely related. It is common for people to use orgasms to help them fall asleep. Cannabis has been shown to have the ability to help with sleep, and also the ability to improve sex and intensify orgasms. The two go hand-in-hand, so your mesearch experiments will work better if you include both.


For this reason, when you are conducting sleep mesearch, I encourage you to also wear your heart rate sensors during any sexual activity and pay attention to how cannabis is affecting you.


Typically you can see an escalating pattern where the heart rate decreases at first, as you relax and switch gears. Then it increases incrementally. A climax is generally easy to see as a spike in heart rate.


Professional athletes often use a chest strap heart rate monitor like a Polar chest strap because it offers richer data. Watches are not able to detect sudden increases and decreases in heart rate. The chest strap measures the electrical signal in the heart and is, therefore, able to get a much clearer picture.


With the help of a chest strap monitor, it’s easy for both men and women to use mesearch to test how cannabis is affecting your sexual experience. You can try various cannabis products and see how long it takes to achieve orgasm once sexual activity begins. You can see how long the orgasm lasts and how intense it is compared to your baseline. And you can see if any cannabis products help you to have multiple orgasms or whole-body orgasms.


For both men and women, you can typically see a pattern of rhythmic entrainment in any sexual activity. The heart rate escalates, but not in a straight line. There is a pattern where you pass threshold points on the path to climax. These threshold points are not static; they can change. It's the threshold points that some cannabis products appear to modulate. Rhythm is the cannabis superpower after all.


One of the best biometric sensors for sex mesearch is the Lioness smart vibrator. Engineered by women for women, it uses a biometric sensor inside a vibrator to measure rhythmic contractions on the pelvic floor.


These contractions often show a pattern typical of rhythmic entrainment. Like with a heart rate monitor, you see a clear pattern including the passage of threshold points leading to climax. The thing that makes the Lioness so powerful for mesearch is that it can show each individual’s orgasm rhythm. These rhythms have patterns, known as an orgasm pattern.

An orgasm pattern is not the same thing as an orgasm type. Orgasm types are categorized as clitoral, vaginal or blended, a classification system that is somewhat dubious. Orgasm patterns, on the other hand, are about a rhythmic pattern of contractions on the pelvic floor. For sex researchers, measuring these rhythmic contractions is considered the most accurate method of tracking female orgasms.


Most women have an orgasm pattern that more or less fits into one of three categories. The Lionesss website calls these patterns Ocean wave, Avalanche, and Volcano. With the Ocean Wave orgasm, the pelvic floor contracts and releases several times, first fairly quickly, and then slowing down to a stop. The volcano orgasm is a single and extending pelvic floor movement, rather than a series of pelvic floor movements characteristic of the ocean wave orgasm. The avalanche orgasm is somewhat similar to the ocean wave. Both involve a series of pelvic floor movements. The key difference is that, unlike the ocean wave, an avalanche starts intensely and gradually relaxes.


Almost immediately after the Lioness hit the market people began conducting cannabis mesearch experiments using it. Lioness has a fantastic blog, and they post feedback from users about how cannabis impacts orgasm patterns. The discoveries posted on this blog are truly groundbreaking. They used good mesearch methodology and demonstrated that some cannabis was able to intensify orgasms. The discoveries did not end there. They also showed that some cannabis was able to change orgasm patterns. Orgasm patterns are generally consistent, meaning that each person has one specific orgasm pattern that remains more or less unchanged.


I think it's fascinating that Lioness users were able to use good mesearch practices to show that some cannabis products are clearly able to intensify orgasms and change orgasm patterns. But perhaps it should not be that surprising. Orgasm patterns are rhythmic, and rhythm, again, is the cannabis superpower.


For best results, I recommend using the Lioness in combination with a Polar chest strap heart rate monitor. Use of the heart rate monitor should start prior to cannabis consumption and continuing throughout the night’s sleep. Combining the two data sets gives you much greater insights.


For some truly next level mesearch, the Emotive 14 channel EEG is an amazing tool. This neuroimaging system lets you see brain activity. The 3d images it generates are incredible, but it’s hard to know what to do with the data it generates. Using it in combination with the other sensors gives the data context.


I am pretty sure that the trance-like state that cannabis mesearch centers around can be seen as rhythmic patterns and synchronizing patterns in the brain using the Emotive EEG. This can be difficult to identify and act on now, but stay tuned, I’m working on technology to make it easier.


Scientifically analyzing how cannabis is affecting your creative process is perhaps the most challenging form of mesearch. Creativity is not something that is easily quantified. It is undeniable that cannabis use is notorious among artists and creative people. Improved creativity is another common reason people use cannabis.


Researchers studying creativity have coined the term creative flow state. Creative people often develop individual systems to help them think creatively. The specifics vary wildly, but there is a pattern of behavior that creative people adopt to help facilitate their creativity.


People tend to intuitively find a process of achieving a creative flow state. I think that it is not so different from other trance-like states. Creative thought processes tend to be immersive, not unlike the martial artist idea of no-mind, or the athlete’s sense of total immersion in the activity.


Some cannabis appears to help people access their creative potential. I think that the explanation for this is that cannabis helps people achieve a creative flow state, in much the same way it helps with the rhythmic entrainment process.


There is a rhythmic component to a creative flow state, and rhythm is the cannabis superpower. Once you know to look for it, the observation jumps out at you. Most creative people prefer music, tap their feet, or otherwise exhibit rhythmic motions while engaged in creative thinking.


The first step to this type of mesearch is to create your own idea of an ideal creative workplace and routine. Reflect on times when you have felt at peak creativity in the past. Think about how you can recreate the conditions that are typically present, and do your best to structure a routine that makes time for creative work. . Think of this as your mesearch laboratory.


Wear a heart rate monitor and go through your creative thinking routine without any cannabis to establish a baseline. Creativity mesearch is hit or miss, as it is not quantifiable, but you know it when you experience it. And you know it when you don't. See if there is any difference in your heart rate during your most successful sessions and your least successful, those times when your creative output is flat.


People often find that some cannabis products and methods of ingestion allow their minds to race. For some people this is an unpleasant experience; for others, it is the best possible outcome. Make an effort to be self-aware of how you are responding to the cannabis, and pay attention to any rhythmic component to your response.


Even for people who find cannabis enormously helpful for their creative process, typically some things work better than others. Some cannabis products, methods of ingestion, and doses will have a pattern of not helping at all.


As you methodically test different cannabis products you can look for these patterns. With time you will have enough data to make some good predictions about what is most likely to be helpful, and what you should avoid.



In closing, I want to be clear that I am not a doctor and this is not intended to be medical advice. For those of you who are going to be using cannabis anyways, I’m hoping that you are inspired to try cannabis mesearch.


I am developing some new technologies to facilitate mesearch. If you decide to try mesearch, please consider sharing your experiences with me. I really appreciate the opportunity to learn from your feedback.


Some colleagues are interested in filming a documentary, profiling people conducting mesearch. If you would be interested in appearing in a mesearch documentary, please let me know.


If you find this interesting, please share this on social media.









Sources:


Aull-Watschinger, S., Pataraia, E., & Baumgartner, C. (2008). Sexual auras: Predominance of epileptic activity within the mesial temporal lobe. Epilepsy & Behavior, 12(1), 124127. doi: http:// dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2007.07.007


Bachrach, A., Fontbonne, Y., Joufflineau, C., & Ulloa, J. L. (2015). Audience entrainment during live contemporary dance performance: Physiological and cognitive measures. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9, 179. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/ fnhum.2015.00179


Bohlen, J. G., Held, J. P., & Sanderson, M. O. (1980). The male orgasm: Pelvic contractions measured by anal probe. Archives of Sexual Behavior 9(6), 503521.


Bohlen, J. G., Held, J. P., Sanderson, M. O., & Ahlgren, A. (1982). The female orgasm: Pelvic contractions. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 11(5), 367386. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/ BF01541570


Broek, E. M. F. V. D., & Todd, P. M. (2009). Evolution of rhythm as an indicator of mate quality. Musicae Scientiae, 13(2 suppl), 369386. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1029864909013002161


Brotto, L. A., Basson, R., & Luria, M. (2008). A mindfulness-based group psychoeducational intervention targeting sexual arousal disorder in women. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 5(7), 1646 1659. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2008.00850.x


Burger, B., Thompson, M. R., Luck, G., Saarikallio, S. H., & Toiviainen, P. (2014). Hunting for the beat in the body: On period and phase locking in music-induced movement. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8, 903. doi: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00903


Burgess, A. P. (2013). On the interpretation of synchronization in EEG hyperscanning studies: A cautionary note. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 881. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/ fnhum.2013.00881


Buzsa´ki, G., & Watson, B. O. (2012). Brain rhythms and neural syntax: Implications for efficient coding of cognitive content and neuropsychiatric disease. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience 14(4), 345367.


Calleja, J., Carpizo, R., & Berciano, J. (1988). Orgasmic epilepsy. Epilepsia, 29(5), 635639


Campbell, B. G. (1972). Sexual selection and the descent of man: The Darwinian Pivot. New Jersey, United States: United States: Transaction Publishers.


Chuang, Y. C., Lin, T. K., Lui, C. C., Chen, S. D., & Chang, C. S. (2004). Tooth-brushing epilepsy with ictal orgasms. Seizure: The Journal of the British Epilepsy Association 13(3), 179182. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1059-1311(03)00109-2


Darling, C. A., Davidson, J. K., & Jennings, D. A. (1991). The female sexual response revisited: Understanding the multiorgasmic experience in women. Archives of Sexual Behavior 20(6), 527540. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01550952


Dawley, H. H., Baxter, A. S., Winstead, D. K., & Gay, J. R. (1979). An attitude survey of the effects of marijuana on sexual enjoyment. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 35(1), 212-217. doi:10.1002/1097-4679(197901)35:13.0.co;2-k


Doelling, K. B., & Poeppel, D. (2015). Cortical entrainment to music and its modulation by expertise. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112(45), E6233E6242. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1508431112


Fadul, C. E., Stommel, E. W., Dragnev, K. H., Eskey, C. J., & Dalmau, J. O. (2005). Focal paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis presenting as orgasmic epilepsy. Journal of Neuro-Oncology 72(2), 195198. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11060-004-2242-9


Fuss, J., Bindila, L., Wiedemann, K., Auer, M. K., Briken, P., & Biedermann, S. V. (2017). Masturbation to Orgasm Stimulates the Release of the Endocannabinoid 2-Arachidonoylglycerol in Humans. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 14(11), 1372-1379. doi:10.1016/j.jsxm.2017.09.016


Gallup, G. G., Ampel, B. C., Wedberg, N., & Pogosjan, A. (2014). Do orgasms give women feedback about mate choice? Evolutionary Psychology 12(5), 147470491401200500. doi: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1177/147470491401200507


Garcia, J. R., Lloyd, E. A., Wallen, K., & Fisher, H. E. (2014). Variation in orgasm occurrence by sexual orientation in a sample of U.S. singles. The Journal of Sexual Medicine 11(11), 26452652. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jsm.12669


Georgiadis, J. (2012). Doing it ... wild? On the role of the cerebral cortex in human sexual activity. Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology 2, 17337. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/snp.v2i0. 17337


Georgiadis, J., Kortekaas, R., Kuipers, R., Nieuwenburg, A., Pruim, J., Reinders, A. A. T. S., et al. (2006). Regional cerebral blood flow changes associated with clitorally induced orgasm in healthy women. The European Journal of Neuroscience 24(11), 33053316. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2006. 05206.x


Georgiadis, J., & Kringelbach, M. L. (2012). The human sexual response cycle: Brain imaging evidence linking sex to other pleasures. Progress in Neurobiology 98(1), 4981. doi: http://dx. doi.org/10.1016/j.pneurobio.2012.05.004


Georgiadis, J., Kringelbach, M. L., & Pfaus, J. G. (2012). Sex for fun: A synthesis of human and animal neurobiology. Nature Reviews Urology 9(9), 486498. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ nrurol.2012.151


Georgiadis, J., Reinders, A. A. T. S., Paans, A. M. J., Renken, R., & Kortekaas, R. (2009). Men versus women on sexual brain function: Prominent differences during tactile genital stimulation, but not during orgasm. Human Brain Mapping 30(10), 30893101. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hbm.20733


Georgiadis, J., Reinders, A. A. T. S., Van der Graaf, F. H. C. E., Paans, A. M. J., & Kortekaas, R. (2007). Brain activation during human male ejaculation revisited. Neuroreport 18(6), 553557. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WNR.0b013e3280b10bfe


Gorzalka, B. B., Morrish, A. C., & Hill, M. N. (2007). Endocannabinoid modulation of male rat sexual behavior. Psychopharmacology, 198(4), 479-486. doi:10.1007/s00213-007-0901-1


Gundersen, T. D., Jørgensen, N., Andersson, A., Bang, A. K., Nordkap, L., Skakkebæk, N. E., . . . Jensen, T. K. (2015). Association Between Use of Marijuana and Male Reproductive Hormones and Semen Quality: A Study Among 1,215 Healthy Young Men. American Journal of Epidemiology, 182(6), 473-481. doi:10.1093/aje/kwv135


Hasson, U., Ghazanfar, A. A., Galantucci, B., Garrod, S., & Keysers, C. (2012). Brain-to-brain coupling: A mechanism for creating and sharing a social world. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16(2), 114121. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tics. 2011.12.007


Haytac, M. C., Aslan, K., Ozcelik, O., & Bozdemir, H. (2008). Epileptic seizures triggered by the use of a powered toothbrush. Seizure 17(3), 288291. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2007. 07.012


Heinzel, A., Walter, M., Schneider, F., Rotte, M., Matthiae, C., Tempelmann, C., et al. (2006). Self-related processing in the sexual domain: a parametric event-related fMRI study reveals neural activity in ventral cortical midline structures. Social Neuroscience 1(1), 4151. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/ 17470910600663137


Hennig, H. (2014). Synchronization in human musical rhythms and mutually interacting complex systems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111(36), 1297412979. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1324142111


Holstege, G., Georgiadis, J., Paans, A. M. J., Meiners, L. C., van der Graaf, F. H. C. E., & Reinders, A. A. T. S. (2003). Brain activation during human male ejaculation. The Journal of Neuroscience 23(27), 91859193


Hove, M. J., & Risen, J. L. (2009). It’s all in the timing: Interpersonal synchrony increases affiliation. Social Cognition 27(6), 949960. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/soco.2009.27.6.949


Janszky, J., Ebner, A., Szupera, Z., Schulz, R., Hollo, A., Szu¨cs, A., et al. (2004). Orgasmic aura--a report of seven cases. Seizure 13(6), 441444. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2003. 09.005


Janszky, J., Szu¨cs, A., Hala´sz, P., Borbe´ly, C., Hollo´, A., Barsi, P., et al. (2002). Orgasmic aura originates from the right hemisphere. Neurology 58(2), 302304.


Joannides, P. (2000). Guide to getting it on!: The universe’s coolest and most informative book about sex for adults of all ages. Oregon, United States: Goofy Foot Press.


Johnson, R. D. (2006). Descending pathways modulating the spinal circuitry for ejaculation: Effects of chronic spinal cord injury. Progress in Brain Research 152, 415426. doi: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/S0079-6123(05)52028-4


Joseph, P. N., Sharma, R. K., Agarwal, A., & Sirot, L. K. (2015). Men ejaculate larger volumes of semen, more motile sperm, and more quickly when exposed to images of novel women. Evolutionary Psychological Science 1(4), 195200. doi: http:// dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40806-015-0022-8


King, R., Belsky, J., Mah, K., & Binik, Y. (2010). Are there different types of female orgasm? Archives of Sexual Behavior 40(5), 865875. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-010-9639-7


Klinger, L. (2019, January 08). Using orgasm data to show the difference between indica and sativa. Retrieved November 21, 2020, from https://lioness.io/blogs/sex-guides/whats-the-difference-between-indica-and-sativa-observing-the-difference-through-data-and-orgasms


Klinger, L. (2020, January 26). Can Marijuana Really Boost Your Orgasm? (Updated 2020). Retrieved November 21, 2020, from https://blog.lioness.io/cannabis-orgasm-women-pleasure-5adb1980a8c5


Klinger, L. (2020, November 03). Which dosist pen is the best for sex? Retrieved November 21, 2020, from https://lioness.io/blogs/sex-guides/i-tried-arouse-passion-and-bliss-dosist-pens-heres-how-they-changed-my-orgasms


Klinger, L. (2019, April 06). I measured my orgasm to see if dosist Arouse actually made me more arouse(d). Retrieved November 21, 2020, from https://lioness.io/blogs/sex-guides/trying-out-the-dosist-arouse-vape-pen


Komisaruk, B. R., & Whipple, B. (2005). Functional MRI of the brain during orgasm in women. Annual Review of Sex Research 16, 6286.


Komisaruk, B. R., & Whipple, B. (2011). Non-genital orgasms. Sexual and Relationship Therapy 26(4), 356372. doi: http://dx. doi.org/10.1080/14681994.2011.649252


Komisaruk, B. R., Whipple, B., Crawford, A., Liu, W. C., Kalnin, A., & Mosier, K. (2004). Brain activation during vaginocervical self-stimulation and orgasm in women with complete spinal cord injury: fMRI evidence of mediation by the vagus nerves. Brain Research 1024(12), 7788. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10. 1016/j.brainres.2004.07.029


Lamm, C., & Majdandzˇic´, J. (2015). The role of shared neural activations, mirror neurons, and morality in empathy A critical comment. Neuroscience Research 90, 1524. doi: http:// dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neures.2014.10.008


Lee, A. (2020, October 23). Foria Awaken's CBD Lube Saved My Orgasms From My Stress. Retrieved November 21, 2020, from https://lioness.io/blogs/sex-guides/i-tried-cbd-lube-and-it-saved-my-orgasms


Leeners, B., Kruger, T. H. C., Brody, S., Schmidlin, S., Naegeli, E., & Egli, M. (2013). The quality of sexual experience in women correlates with post-orgasmic prolactin surges: Results from an experimental prototype study. The Journal of Sexual Medicine 10(5), 13131319. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jsm.12097


Levin, R. J. (2006). Vocalised sounds and human sex. Sexual and Relationship Therapy 21(1), 99107. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10. 1080/14681990500438014


Lloyd, E. A. (2006). The case of the female orgasm: Bias in the science of evolution. Massachusetts, United States: Harvard University Press.


Louaˆpre, P., Fauvergue, X., van Baaren, J., & Martel, V. (2015). The male mate search: An optimal foraging issue? Current Opinion in Insect Science 9, 9195. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cois. 2015.02.012


Lutz, A., Greischar, L. L., Rawlings, N. B., Ricard, M., & Davidson, R. J. (2004). Long-term meditators self-induce high-amplitude gamma synchrony during mental practice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101(46), 1636916373. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas. 0407401101


Lynn, B. K., López, J. D., Miller, C., Thompson, J., & Campian, E. C. (2019). The Relationship between Marijuana Use Prior to Sex and Sexual Function in Women. Sexual Medicine, 7(2), 192-197. doi:10.1016/j.esxm.2019.01.003


Lynn, B., Miller, C., Thompson, J., Jones, B., & Campian, E. (2017). 019 The Perceived Effects of Marijuana Use Before Sex. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 14(6). doi:10.1016/j.jsxm.2017.04.025


McClellan, A. D., & Sigvardt, K. A. (1988). Features of entrainment of spinal pattern generators for locomotor activity in the lamprey spinal cord. The Journal of Neuroscience 8(1), 133145.


Mcpartland, J. M. (2018). CannabisSystematics at the Levels of Family, Genus, and Species. Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 3(1), 203-212. doi:10.1089/can.2018.0039


Merchant, H., & Honing, H. (2014). Are non-human primates capable of rhythmic entrainment? Evidence for the gradual audiomotor evolution hypothesis. Frontiers in Neuroscience 7, 274. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2013.00274


Merker, B., Morley, I., & Zuidema, W. (2015). Five fundamental constraints on theories of the origins of music. Philosphical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. SeriesB, Biological Sciences, 370(1664), 20140095. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/ rstb.2014.0095


Meston, C. M., & Buss, D. M. (2009). Why women have sex: Understanding sexual motivations from adventure to revenge (1st ed). New York, United States: Times Books.


Meston, C. M., Hull, E., Levin, R. J., & Sipski, M. (2004). Disorders of orgasm in women. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 1(1), 6668. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2004.10110.x


Meston, C. M., Levin, R. J., Sipski, M. L., Hull, E. M., & Heiman, J. R. (2004). Women’s orgasm. Annual Review of Sex Research 15, 173257.


Nassan, F. L., Arvizu, M., Mínguez-Alarcón, L., Williams, P. L., Attaman, J., Petrozza, J., . . . Keller, M. G. (2019). Marijuana smoking and markers of testicular function among men from a fertility centre. Human Reproduction, 34(4), 715-723. doi:10.1093/humrep/dez002


Nozaradan, S., Peretz, I., & Mouraux, A. (2012). Selective neuronal entrainment to the beat and meter embedded in a musical rhythm. The Journal of Neuroscience, 32(49), 1757217581. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3203-12.2012


Pavlicev, M., & Wagner, G. (2016). The evolutionary origin of female orgasm. Journal of Experimental Zoology Part B, Molecular and Developmental Evolution. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ jez.b.22690.


Pfaus, J. G., Kippin, T. E., & Centeno, S. (2001). Conditioning and sexual behavior: A review. Hormones and Behavior, 40(2), 291321. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/hbeh.2001.1686


Pfaus, J. G., Kippin, T. E., Coria-Avila, G. A., Gelez, H., Afonso, V. M., Ismail, N., et al. (2012). Who, what, where, when (and maybe even why)? How the experience of sexual reward connects sexual desire, preference, and performance. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 41(1), 3162. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10. 1007/s10508-012-9935-5


Piomelli, D., & Russo, E. B. (2016). TheCannabis sativa Vs Cannabis indica Debate: An Interview with Ethan Russo, MD. Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 1(1), 44-46. doi:10.1089/can.2015.29003.ebr


Puts, D. A., Dawood, K., & Welling, L. L. M. (2012). Why women have orgasms: An evolutionary analysis. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 41(5), 112


Royle, N. J., Russell, A. F., & Wilson, A. J. (2014). The evolution of flexible parenting. Science, 345(6198), 776781. doi: http://dx. doi.org/10.1126/science.1253294


Rupp, H. A., James, T. W., Ketterson, E. D., Sengelaub, D. R., Janssen, E., & Heiman, J. R. (2009). The role of the anterior cingulate cortex in women’s sexual decision making. Neuroscience Letters, 449(1), 4247. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet. 2008.10.083


Sa¨nger, J., Mu¨ller, V., & Lindenberger, U. (2012). Intra- and interbrain synchronization and network properties when playing guitar in duets. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6, 312. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2012.00312


Sa¨nger, J., Mu¨ller, V., & Lindenberger, U. (2013). Directionality in hyperbrain networks discriminates between leaders and followers in guitar duets. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 234. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2013.00234


Safron, A. (2016). What is orgasm? A model of sexual trance and climax via rhythmic entrainment. Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology, 6(1), 31763. doi:10.3402/snp.v6.31763


Santostasi, G., Malkani, R., Riedner, B., Bellesi, M., Tononi, G., Paller, K. A., et al. (2016). Phase-locked loop for precisely timed acoustic stimulation during sleep. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 259, 101114. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. jneumeth.2015.11.007


Sawler, J., Stout, J. M., Gardner, K. M., Hudson, D., Vidmar, J., Butler, L., . . . Myles, S. (2015). The Genetic Structure of Marijuana and Hemp. Plos One, 10(8). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0133292


Sengupta, A., Mahmoud, A., Tun, S. Z., & Goulding, P. (2010). Orgasm-induced seizures: Male studied with ictal electroencephalography. Seizure, 19(5), 306309. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10. 1016/j.seizure.2010.04.007


Sievers, B., Polansky, L., Casey, M., & Wheatley, T. (2013). Music and movement share a dynamic structure that supports universal expressions of emotion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(1), 7075. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1209023110


Smallwood, J., Brown, K., Baird, B., & Schooler, J. W. (2012). Cooperation between the default mode network and the frontal-parietal network in the production of an internal train of thought. Brain Research, 1428, 6070. doi: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.brainres.2011.03.072


Smith, A. M., Ferris, J. A., Simpson, J. M., Shelley, J., Pitts, M. K., & Richters, J. (2010). Cannabis Use and Sexual Health. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 7(2), 787-793. doi:10.1111/j.1743-6109.2009.01453.x


Sobayo, T., Fine, A., Gunnar, E., Kazlauskas, C., Nicholls, D., & Mogul, D. (2012). Synchrony dynamics across brain structures in limbic epilepsy vary between initiation and termination phases of seizures. IEEE Transactions on Bio-Medical Engineering, 60(3), 821829. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ TBME.2012.2189113


Ständer, S., Schmelz, M., Metze, D., Luger, T., & Rukwied, R. (2005). Distribution of cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) and 2 (CB2) on sensory nerve fibers and adnexal structures in human skin. Journal of Dermatological Science, 38(3), 177-188. doi:10.1016/j.jdermsci.2005.01.007


Stole´ru, S., Fonteille, V., Corne´lis, C., Joyal, C. & Moulier, V. (2012). Functional neuroimaging studies of sexual arousal and orgasm in healthy men and women: A review and meta-analysis Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 36(6), 14811509. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2012.03.006


Sun, A. J., & Eisenberg, M. L. (2017). Association Between Marijuana Use and Sexual Frequency in the United States: A Population-Based Study. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 14(11), 1342-1347. doi:10.1016/j.jsxm.2017.09.005


Tambaro, S., & Bortolato, M. (2012). Cannabinoid-related Agents in the Treatment of Anxiety Disorders: Current Knowledge and Future Perspectives. Recent Patents on CNS Drug Discovery, 7(1), 25-40. doi:10.2174/157488912798842269


Teplan, M., Krakovska´, A., & Sˇtolc, S. (2011). Direct effects of audio-visual stimulation on EEG. Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine, 102(1), 1724. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10. 1016/j.cmpb.2010.11.013


Toates, F. (2009). An integrative theoretical framework for understanding sexual motivation, arousal, and behavior. Journal of Sex Research, 46(23), 168193. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/ 00224490902747768


Toates, F. (2014). How sexual desire works: The enigmatic urge. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press


Trost, W., Fru¨hholz, S., Scho¨n, D., Labbe´, C., Pichon, S., Grandjean, D., et al. (2014). Getting the beat: Entrainment of brain activity by musical rhythm and pleasantness. NeuroImage, 103, 5564. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.09.009


Trost, W., & Vuilleumier, P. (2013). Rhythmic entrainment as a mechanism for emotion induction by music. In T. Cochrane, B. Fantini, & K. R. Scherer, (Eds.), The Emotional power of music (pp. 213225). Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.


van Netten, J. J., Georgiadis, J. R., Nieuwenburg, A., & Kortekaas, R. (2008). 813 Hz fluctuations in rectal pressure are an objective marker of clitorally-induced orgasm in women. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 37(2), 279285. doi: http://dx. doi.org/10.1007/s10508-006-9112-9


Vuust, P., & Witek, M. A. G. (2014). Rhythmic complexity and predictive coding: A novel approach to modeling rhythm and meter perception in music. Auditory Cognitive Neuroscience, 5, 1111. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01111


Weller, R. A., & Halikas, J. A. (1984). Marijuana use and sexual behavior. The Journal of Sex Research, 20(2), 186-193. doi:10.1080/00224498409551216


Witek, M. A. G., Clarke, E. F., Wallentin, M., Kringelbach, M. L., & Vuust, P. (2014). Syncopation, body-movement and pleasure in groove music. PLoS One, 9(4), e94446. doi: http://dx.doi. org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094446




  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • YouTube
  • Pinterest
  • Instagram

©2020 by Nathaniel Morris.